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Conditions

Heart disease conditions

Angina

Angina is another word for chest pain. People with angina describe the pain as a squeezing, suffocating or burning feeling.

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Arrhythmia

There are many types of arrhythmia. But they all stem from a heart that beats too quickly or too slowly.

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Atherosclerosis

Atherosclerosis occurs when plaque builds up on the inside wall of an artery, making them thick and hard. This restricts the flow of blood and can lead to a blockage.

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Atrial fibrillation (Afib or AF)

Atrial fibrillation is when your heart beats fast or irregularly. This type of arrhythmia affects some 350,000 Canadians.

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Cardiac arrest

Cardiac arrest occurs when the heart suddenly and unexpectedly stops beating. Cardiac arrest is a medical emergency. Death will occur within minutes after the heart stops.

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Cardiomyopathy

Cardiomyopathy is a disease of the heart muscle that reduces its ability to pump blood.

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Congenital heart disease

Congenital heart disease is a heart condition you’re born with. There are many types of congenital heart conditions and defects. 

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Coronary artery disease

Coronary artery disease is the most common form of heart disease. It happens when arteries in the heart are blocked.

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Enlarged heart

An enlarged heart, also known as cardiomegaly, is an increase in the size of the heart. This is usually caused by another medical condition.

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Heart attack

A heart attack happens when the blood supply to the heart slows or stops because of a blockage.

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Heart block

Heart block is a type of arrhythmia (called bradycardia). It happens when the heart’s electrical signals are too slow or interrupted.

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Heart failure

Heart failure is when your heart isn’t strong enough to pump your blood effectively. This can cause fluid to pool in your lungs or your ankles and legs.

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Infective (bacterial) endocarditis

Infective endocarditis is an infection of the heart’s valves or lining of the heart.

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Inherited rhythm disorders (IRDs)

People with inherited rhythm  disorders (IRDs) experience irregular heartbeats, also known as arrhythmias.

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Kawasaki disease

Kawasaki disease is a children's disease that in a small percentage of cases can affect the heart or coronary arteries.

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Long Q-T syndrome

Long Q-T syndrome is a disorder of the heart’s electrical system.

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Marfan syndrome

Marfan syndrome is an inherited disorder that affects your connective tissue.

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Pericarditis

The pericardium is the thin membrane that surrounds the heart. Pericarditis is an infection of that membrane.

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Peripartum Cardiomyopathy (PPCM)

Peripartum cardiomyopathy is a rare form of  cardiomyopathy that occurs in pregnant women and recent mothers.

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Rheumatic heart disease

When the heart is damaged as a result of rheumatic fever, it’s called rheumatic heart disease. The damage can be short-term or long term.

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Spontaneous Coronary Artery Dissection (SCAD)

Spontaneous coronary artery dissection is a tear in an artery wall in your heart that allows blood to build up in the space between the layers of your artery wall.

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Valve disorders

Valve disorders include several conditions that range from mild to severe.

More on valve disorders