Pressure, squeezing, fullness or pain, burning or heaviness
Upper body discomfort
Neck, jaw, shoulder, arms, back
Shortness of breath
1. Call 9-1-1
Or your local emergency number Immediately. Emergency personnel can start treatment enroute to the hospital.
2. Stop all activity
Sit or lie down, in whatever position is most comfortable.
3. Take your nitroglycerin
If you take nitroglycerin, take your normal dosage.
4. Take Aspirin®
Chew and swallow an Aspirin® (ASA), if you are not allergic or intolerant (either one 325 mg tablet or two 81 mg tablets).
5. Rest and wait
Stay calm while waiting for help to arrive.
6. Keep a list of your medications in your wallet and by the phone.
Emergency personnel will want this information.
Women’s signs of heart attack
The most common heart attack sign is chest pain or discomfort; however, women can experience a heart attack without chest pressure. They may experience shortness of breath, pressure or pain in the lower chest or upper abdomen, dizziness, lightheadedness or fainting, upper back pressure or extreme fatigue.
Signs of cardiac arrest
If the heart stops for any reason, blood is no longer getting to the brain, heart and vital organs. Death can occur within minutes.
Unresponsive to touch and sound
Not breathing or is making gasping sounds
1. Call 9-1-1
Or your local emergency number right away.
2. Yell for an AED
While you do CPR, someone else can fetch an AED if available. AED’s are often in public places. The 9-1-1 operator may be able to tell you where the nearest one is.
3. Start CPR
Push hard and fast in the centre of the chest.
4. Don’t be afraid of doing it wrong.
Doing CPR-even if not perfect-gives the victim the best chance. You can’t hurt. You can only help.
Do you live in a remote community?
It is especially urgent to learn CPR.
Fainting or seizure during physical activity.
Fainting or seizure from distress or being startled.
Family history of death that is sudden, unexplained.
Worried that you’re at risk?
Learn your risks and how to lower them