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Risk factors you cannot change


While there are some risk factors for heart disease you can do something about, there are others that you cannot control. The major risk factors that you cannot change are:

Age

The risk of coronary artery disease rises in men after the age of 45 and in women after the age of 55.

Sex

Men over the age of 45 and women over the age of 55 - or postmenopausal women - are at greater risk of heart disease.

Family and Medical History

Your risk of heart disease is higher if a close male relative had heart disease before 55 years of age or if a close female relative had heart disease before menopause.

Women who have had pre-eclampsia during pregnancy have an increased risk of high blood pressure, heart disease and stroke.

Indigenous Heritage

First Nations, Metis and Inuit peoples have a higher risk of heart disease. This is because they are more likely to have high blood pressure (hypertension) and diabetes. Both conditions can cause heart disease.

African and South Asian Heritage

People of African or South Asian background also have a higher risk of coronary artery disease. This is because they are more likely to have high blood pressure (hypertension), diabetes or other risk factors for heart disease at a younger age.